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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  CASE REPORT
Eruption Cyst in the Neonate
Alline J de Oliveira, Maria LG Silveira, Danilo A Duarte, Michele B Diniz
[Year:2018] [Month:January-February] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:58-60] [No of Hits : 614]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1485 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The pediatric dental approach to the oral cavity of newborns requires special attention, as many aspects are unique and peculiar to this period of life. It is important that pediatricians and pediatric dentists be aware of the characteristics within normal newborn patterns and prepared to make a correct diagnosis of abnormalities at early stages. Congenital eruption cysts (ECs) are rarely observed in newborns, as at this stage of a child’s life, tooth eruption is unusual. This study reports a case of EC treated successfully by monitoring of the lesion, without any surgical procedure. In the 4th month, the lesion had completely regressed, and the deciduous central incisors had erupted without problems. The clinical and radiographic monitoring of ECs in newborns seems to be a satisfactory management procedure, similar to what is recommended for older children.

Keywords: Congenital, Eruption cyst, Neonate.

How to cite this article: de Oliveira AJ, Silveira MLG, Duarte DA, Diniz MB. Eruption Cyst in the Neonate. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(1):58-60.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluating the Efficacy of Xylitol Wipes on Cariogenic Bacteria in 19- to 35-month-old Children: A Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial
Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Dhayalan Nivedha, Renganathan Sajeev, Gajula S Prathima, Mohandoss Suganya, Venkatesan Ramesh
[Year:2018] [Month:January-February] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:13-17] [No of Hits : 559]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1476 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious disease with Streptococcus mutans as the main cariogenic bacteria. Children with early S. mutans colonization have a higher risk of developing dental caries than those with later colonization. Therefore, prevention or delay of S. mutans colonization may be advantageous for the prevention of early childhood caries (ECC).

Aim: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of xylitol and placebo wipes on S. mutans count in 19- to 35-monthold children.

Materials and methods: Forty-four children were randomly selected from a daycare center and divided into two groups. Allocation concealment was done and both (placebo and xylitol) wipes were distributed to their parents. Instructions were given regarding their use, to be used twice daily for 2 weeks and the S. mutans levels in the saliva were enumerated before and after wipes usage. The collected data were tabulated and statistically analyzed using paired and unpaired t-tests.

Results: A clinically significant decrease in the S. mutans count was observed in the xylitol wipes group than the placebo wipes group. Intergroup comparison results were found to be statistically insignificant.

Conclusion: Xylitol wipes usage could serve as a useful adjunct in reducing the cariogenic bacteria, especially S. mutans, and thus can be considered as an adjunct oral hygiene tool for caries prevention in young children

Keywords: Bacteria, Cariogenic, Child daycare center, Prevention, Streptococcus mutans, Xylitol.

How to cite this article: Kayalvizhi G, Nivedha D, Sajeev R, Prathima GS, Suganya M, Ramesh V. Evaluating the Efficacy of Xylitol Wipes on Cariogenic Bacteria in 19- to 35-month-old Children: A Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(1):13-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparison of Vitamin D Level of Children with Severe Early Childhood Caries and Children with No Caries
Anchal Chhonkar, Anil Gupta, Vishal Arya
[Year:2018] [Month:May-June] [Volume:11 ] [Number:3] [Pages:104] [Pages No:199-204] [No of Hits : 548]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1511 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the levels of vitamin D in children with severe early childhood caries (SECC) and children without caries and to determine the association of vitamin D deficiency and SECC.

Materials and methods: A total of 30 children each from case (with caries) and control group (without caries) of age between 3 and 6 years were selected from the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram. Caries status of the children was recorded using decayed, extracted, and filled teeth (deft) index. Blood samples for serum 25(OH) vitamin D were taken from each child. All the data collected were compiled and subjected to appropriate statistical analysis.

Results: Case group has mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level of 12.19 ng/mL [4.37 standard deviation (SD), 95% confidence interval of 10.5-13.8] and control group has mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level of 20.11 ng/mL (4.12 SD, 95% confidence interval of 18.56-21.65). When the mean levels of serum 25(OH) vitamin D were compared between case and control groups, there was a statistically significant difference (p-value <0.0001). Simple linear regression in case group shows statistically significant inverse correlation between vitamin D levels and SECC (p-value<0.0001).

Conclusion: Our results showed that vitamin D deficiency is risk factor both for incidence of dental caries and for its severity in children.

Clinical significance: Vitamin D deficiency is an important modifiable risk factor for dental caries in children. Hence, by supplementing vitamin D in children and preventing the deficiency of vitamin D, dental caries can be prevented.

Keywords: Case-control study, Severe early childhood caries, Vitamin D deficiency.

How to cite this article: Chhonkar A, Gupta A, Arya V. Comparison of Vitamin D Level of Children with Severe Early Childhood Caries and Children with No Caries. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(3):199-204.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of Dentin–Pulp Complex Response after Conservative Clinical Procedures in Primary Teeth
Bianca Mello, Tassia C Stafuzza, Luciana Vitor, Daniela Rios, Thiago Silva, Maria Machado, Thais M Oliveira
[Year:2018] [Month:May-June] [Volume:11 ] [Number:3] [Pages:104] [Pages No:188-192] [No of Hits : 526]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1509 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although selective caries tissue removal decreases the number and diversity of bacteria, stops the caries process, and reduces the risk of pulp exposure, the studies on the minimally removal of caries tissue are limited and further clinical research is necessary in this field.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate through clinical and radiographic assessments the in vivo response of the dentin-pulp complex of human deciduous teeth after either partial or total caries removal (TCR).

Materials and methods: A total of 49 deciduous molars of children aged between 5 and 9 years were carefully selected. The teeth were divided into two groups: Group I: Partial removal of caries; group II: Total removal of caries. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed during the period of 4 to 6 months after the procedure. The intraexaminer reproducibility was determined by Kappa test. Fisher’s exact test was used to determine the statistical difference between groups.

Results: All teeth showed clinical success during the 4- to 6-month evaluation period. The radiographic evaluation showed 94.2 and 89.6% of success rate in groups I and II respectively. Radiographic results did not show statistically significant differences between the studied groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: The partial caries removal (PCR) showed satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes, suggesting that this minimally invasive approach might replace the TCR when correctly indicated.

Keywords: Deciduous, Dental caries, Dental pulp capping, Tooth.

How to cite this article: Mello B, Stafuzza TC, Vitor L, Rios D, Silva T, Machado M, Oliveira TM. Evaluation of Dentin-Pulp Complex Response after Conservative Clinical Procedures in Primary Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(3):188-192.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Influence of Storage Media and Duration of Fragment in the Media on the Bond Strength of the Reattached Tooth Fragment
Prashant Jalannavar, Anand Tavargeri
[Year:2018] [Month:March-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:94] [Pages No:83-88] [No of Hits : 511]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1490 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Fracture of anterior teeth is the most frequent type of injury in the permanent dentition. Composite materials have made possible the use of adhesive materials and techniques, but storage of fragment in the media can enhance the bond strength. The purpose was to evaluate the influence of storage media and duration of the fragment in the media on the bond strength of the reattached fragment of teeth.

Materials and methods: A total of 104 permanent maxillary central incisors were included. Samples were divided into four groups of 26 teeth each, further divided into eight groups of 13 teeth each and sectioned 3 mm apical to the incisal edge and stored in four storage media—tap water, artificial saliva, sodium fluoride, and Tooth Mousse at 12 and 24 hours. The bond strength was measured by universal strength testing machine.

Results: Tooth Mousse showed statistically significant difference (p-value 0.001) compared with sodium fluoride, artificial saliva, and tap water when stored in both 12 and 24 hours’ duration.

Conclusion: Tooth Mousse was a better storage media when compared with sodium fluoride, artificial saliva, and tap water.

Clinical significance: Tooth Mousse can be considered as a best storage media for fragment reattachment.

Keywords: Bond strength, Fracture, Reattachment, Storage media, Tooth Mousse.

How to cite this article: Jalannavar P, Tavargeri A. Influence of Storage Media and Duration of Fragment in the Media on the Bond Strength of the Reattached Tooth Fragment. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(2):83-88.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach
Neeraj Gugnani, IK Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:111-114] [No of Hits : 1816]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1418 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of “strip crowns” with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preveneered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth. This included the chair-side custom fabrication of full-coronal restoration using temporization material, which has resulted in good immediate esthetics and might be a cost-effective alternative for restoring primary anterior teeth in future.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Esthetic rehabilitation, Primary tooth trauma, Strip crown, Temporization material.

How to cite this article: Gugnani N, Pandit IK, Gupta M, Nagpal J. Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):111-114.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Emerging Understanding of Emotional Intelligence of Teenagers
Punya Sekhri, Meera Sandhu, Vinod Sachdev
[Year:2017] [Month:July-September] [Volume:10 ] [Number:3] [Pages:95] [Pages No:289-292] [No of Hits : 1638]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1452 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to use emotions effectively and productively. It is becoming increasingly clear that these skills are one of the primary foundations for better performance of students in classrooms and in the society as well and EI provides the basis for competencies important “in almost every job.” So we accessed the EI of teenagers as a guide of their academic score.

Study design: We analyzed the correlation of academic score to the EI of teenagers in regular schools and part-time unconventional coaching institute using the Bar-On Emotional Quotient questionnaire.

Results and conclusion: The results of our study showed that empathy and self-actualization were highly developed in students of regular conventional school than those attending part-time unconventional coaching institute. The academic score had a significantly positive correlation with empathy, whereas a significantly negative correlation with interpersonal relations. Empathy, interpersonal relation, and impulsive control were significantly higher in females than males. Therefore by inculcating and working toward development of EI in the young generation, we can hope to achieve a more positive environment.

Keywords: Bar-on emotional intelligence inventory, Emotion, Emotional intelligence, Teenagers.

How to cite this article: Sekhri P, Sandhu M, Sachdev V. Emerging Understanding of Emotional Intelligence of Teenagers. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(3):289-292.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years
Arun Sharma, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:5-9] [No of Hits : 1558]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1397 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children.

Materials and methods: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child’s background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children’s dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP.

Results: The logistic regression analysis considering differences in background variables between children with negative or positive behavior. Four variables turned out to be as predictors: Age, the guardian’s expectation of the child’s behavior at the dental examination, the child’s anxiety when meeting unfamiliar people, and the presence and absence of toothache.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that by means of simple questionnaire BMP in children may be expected if one of these attributes is found.

Clinical significance: Information on the origin of dental fear and uncooperative behavior in a child patient prior to treatment process may help the pediatric dentist plan appropriate behavior management and treatment strategy.

Keywords: Behavior, Dental anxiety, Management problems, Prediction.

How to cite this article: Sharma A, Kumar D, Anand A, Mittal V, Singh A, Aggarwal N. Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):5-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Closing a Large Maxillary Median Diastema using Bapat Power Arm
Shirish M Bapat, Chanchal Singh, Prashant Bandejiya
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:201-204] [No of Hits : 1527]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1435 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to present a case of large maxillary median diastema closed by bodily movement of central incisors using Bapat power arm (BPA).

Materials and methods: After extraction of mesiodens, a power chain with a force of 120 gm was applied to BPA ligated to preadjusted edgewise brackets bonded to maxillary central incisors to move them over round steel wire for closure of resultant diastema. Bonded retainer was placed after the closure of median diastema.

Results: The median diastema was completely closed in 5 months period with almost bodily movement of incisors, which was confirmed by periapical X-ray.

Conclusion: Bapat power arm was efficient in closing diastema without any discomfort or injury and was well accepted by the patient.

Keywords: Bapat power arm, Bodily movement, Diastema closure.

How to cite this article: Bapat SM, Singh C, Bandejiya P. Closing a Large Maxillary Median Diastema using Bapat Power Arm. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):201-204.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:142-146] [No of Hits : 1519]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1424 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)].

Design: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine.

Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer. Oral examination was done by a single calibrated dentist. A thorough oral examination was carried out and the DMFT, PI, and GI scores of all the children were recorded and assessed. Data were analyzed using Karl Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: Vitamin B12 levels were deficient in 64% of the children. In boys, vitamin B12 deficiency was found in about 76.2%, whereas, in girls it was 57.1%, which was not statistically significant. The vitamin B12 deficient children showed a significantly high DMFT scores than the children with normal vitamin B12 levels. The Pearson’s correlation was -0.614 for DMFT, PI value -0.663, and GI value of -0.477. The negative correlation stated that there was a reverse relation between these indices and vitamin B12.

Conclusion: In children with systemic vitamin B12 deficiency, there is increased dental caries prevalence and associated gingival problems.

Keywords: Dental caries, Oral health, Vitamin B12.

How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Dhariwal NS, Majeed A, Badakar C, Gokhale N, Mistry L. Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):142-146.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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